How are you, dear friends? Have you rested for a week? Are you ready to continue our journey through the fabulous Telč?
— I cannot hear!
— Well, if you are ready, let’s make few gulps of Borjomi to refresh your memory and move on.
— Where did we stop?
Ah yes, we stopped at discussing the fact that it is inappropriate to compare the Czech’s Telč with Venice or Switzerland, because such comparison might not be in favour of the latter. For example, have you ever been to Venice? Especially in summer. This inexpressible smell of blooming water and sewage, which flow down directly from the walls of houses into the channels, sometimes from the level of the second floor … heh … it is hard to forget such Venice. Sometimes it is even impossible.
So, Telč doesn’t have such disadvantages.
If we are to compare Telč with Italian cities (anyway, Italians were the masters), then the comparison should be valid, because Telč is not Moravian Venice at all; it is Moravian Bologna! Why? Yes, it is because of the arcades, which can be bypassed the entire central city area on the perimeter. Gallery is not as significant as in Bologna (35 km), but still it all looks very impressive and beautiful. The right side of the square (when facing the castle), is a single and it is not cut off, that’s why it is called the Grand Arcade. On the left side there is the Little Arcade. Maybe the masters were from Bologna and longed for their hometown. If in Bologna arcades have appeared thanks to the students of the world’s oldest university (this audience hasn’t been rich always, so they needed cheap housing — householders expanded the second floor above the sidewalks and equipped the rooms above), but the arcades (which were built by the Italians) in Telč were used originally. In a room above the gallery beer were bottled and traded during the warmer months. Also the underground floor of many houses had cellars (hollowed out below ground), where the beer was brewed and stored at a specific temperature.
In the south-east of the city a big chunk of the fortress wall of XIII-XIV centuries remained. And if you look closely, you will notice that foundations of some houses (for example, № 38, 74) are fragments of this wall. There are only Small (Lower) and Upper defensive gates remained. The first (1579) one is located at the chateau, the second (№ 114) one is located at the tower of the Holy Spirit, dated 1629. There is the church of the Saint, which stands on the square opposite the chateau. It was before the XIII century. This Romanesque church was later rebuilt in Gothic style. The tower of the church stands on the highest point of the city and has a height of 49 meters. It is built of carefully crafted massive blocks, and stone foundation has the thickness of 2 meters! In troubled times the tower was used as an observation post and was several meters higher, but after a fire in 1655 the top of the tower with the bells has fallen off, so the tower was shortened and neo-Gothic roof with new bells were built. The largest of the new bells (was built using the money of rich merchants and it weighed half a ton) was requisitioned during the First World War, so now there are only a couple of them remained: the one, which sounded quarter-hour and the second one, which sounded an hour.
In the centre of the square in the middle of flowerbeds there is a pillar, which is often mistaken for the plague. In fact, it’s Marian column, decorated with statues of saints. It was created by sculptor Lipartia with a help of local mason Neuwirth in 1718 at the expense of the mayor’s wife. Behind the pillar there is a fountain with a statue of St. Margaret, remade by Lipartia in 1717. Second Fountain (1827) is located closer to the centre of the square. Also there are a couple of fountains inside the chateau.
In addition to the Church of the Saint Spirit, there are two more churches on the square: the Church of St. James and the Jesuit Church of Christ. The first one was founded in 1360-1370. After 16 years since the church were built, it burned down (at the same the entire centre of town, which was built of wood, was destroyed) for a century it laid in ruins. Only in the XV century it was rebuilt, and during subsequent years it was repeatedly renewed. In the church in a large tomb the remains of Zachariáš of Hradec are kept. In the lobby of the church the remains of those, who died during the First World War, are buried.
There are two bells with beautiful sound over the 60-meter tower. Nearby is a Baroque Jesuit Church of Christ, which was built in 1669 on the image and likeness of the famous Roman Il Gesu, which became a model for Jesuit churches around the world. Around it there are the Jesuit cloister and the Jesuit college.
Usually, the old town is the central part of the medieval town with the main church, town hall and sales outlets.
In Telč old town it is a part of the city on the shore of the pond — the square of the Virgin Mary, where a statuette of Madonna stands on a hill, installed by Frantisek Slavatoy in 1673. Not far from it there is a small chapel in the Rococo style, founded by Zacharias of Hradec in 1572. There is a track, which stretches from the castle to the Old Town. The statues of saints in baroque style are located along the track.
In early 2007 were published the results of the study in the Czech Republic: “What Czech castle do you consider the most fabulous?» The winner was the Telč castle, the second place took Castle “Pernštejn”, the third — Červená Lhota.
It is not a surprise, that inside the castle movies were filmed: fairy tales and serious historical movies. But now I do not why they stopped to make movies. If I were the governor of the Telč, I would organize a permanent attraction in castle. Well, in order to make everyone feel himself in the Middle Ages to see how ancestors lived under feudalism. I think the attraction would have been successful among tourists. Because the history and architecture allow to feel it.
Well, our trip to Telč has ended.
It is a pity that for you it was only virtual, but I hope that because of this fact it hasn’t become less interesting.
And if someone is bored, I suggest refreshing recipe. We call it “ The fountain of Telč”.
Take a plastic bottle of Borjomi. Put it to one side. Make a hole in the bottle. Pinch a hole with your finger. Shake the bottle. Put the bottle to your mouth (where the hole is) and remove the finger. It really refreshes!
Good and enjoyable day to you.
PS Tell later how you have refreshed yourself using a bottle.))