This time we will put aside the historical part of story and I will tell you about the places of interest in Marianske Lazne.
I will begin with the reason of founding this city. In the previous article I’ve told you about my version with mosquitoes. Of course, it is very funny, but really it is very far from reality. In fact, tourists are attracted not only by the beauty of parks and stunning architecture in Baroque and Empire style.
People come here because of healing springs, which come from the deep of Slavkov Forest. In contrast to Karlovy Vary springs, springs of Marianske Lazne are cold waters of shallow bedding. There are 40 springs in the city and about 100 springs in the suburbs. I will not delve deeply into the medical features and useful properties of these sources because the genre of the article will turn from popular into a scientific and the volume of text will increase appreciably.
I’ll mention just some of the sources, which are located within the city, and which are also historical landmarks.
Firstly, it is Main Colonnade.
It was built in 1888-1889 years following the example of Colonnade in Karlovy Vary. It is built in neo-Baroque style from cast-iron and steel.
The abbot of the monastery Tepl Alfred Clements ordered to build it.
The authors of the project are Mirsh and Nidtsilski from Vienna. The iron construction is made by Riedel from Vienna. Parts made of cast iron were made in the town at the metallurgical plant of graph Salma. In the hall measuring an average train depot of Victorian times there’s even a roof elevation of stripping for the orchestra. Shortly, it is a typical monument of the Victorian era and industrial revolution.
Secondly, it is Cross Spring.
This source is one of the oldest, one of the most famous and popular springs. Initially it was called saline because of the salty taste of water. In 1749 chemist from Tepl Damian Schultz built a high cross from hewn timber near the salt spring and since then this spring became known as the Cross Spring.
In 1818 building on 72 ionic columns in Classical and Empire style was built over the spring. The builder was Anton Turner. In winter 1911-1912 house was demolished and replaced by exactly reproduced copy made of reinforced concrete. Also at a depth of approximately 4 meters there were discovered 24 small springs. All of them were combined into a single bowl, from which they flow out.
Directly below the source there is a pavilion built in the style of an ancient temple. The pavilion is covered by a dome with a double cross and this pavilion is a part of the city emblem.
And finally Carolina’s Spring.
The spring follows from the former colonnade near the church of the Ascension of the Virgin Mary. It was opened in 1809 and it was originally called New Source. Immediately after the discovery of the source, it was covered by the pavilion with 8 columns in the Ionic style and a dome. In 1817 it was renamed as Carolina’s Spring in honor of the wife Carolina Autusty of Emperor Franz Josef I.
In 1823 the pavilion was rebuilt, but its original form was retained. During the reconstruction (completed in 1872) two wings and the colonnade were built to new pavilion. Each wing had a triangular pediment. During the last reconstruction of the colonnade and walking area, which began in 1975, completely identical pavilion was rebuilt (but 20 meters closer to the colonnade). Sometime 2 almost identical pavilions stood near the pavilion.
In the suburbs of Marianske Lazne there are a lot of nature reserves.
Kladská (13 km north-west of the city) is unique mountain peat bogs. They are the suppliers of water for spa sources. There are also such reserves as Smradoh, Plosky Verh, Volchok, Krestiki, Dominova rock and Svyatoshi cliffs. All these trails offer great views from the lookout, which have being updated and restored since 1998.
Of course, there is a castle in Marienbad. Kynžvart castle is a unique example of grand country house in the style of Viennese Classicism and Empire, which fits into a vast landscape and park ensemble.
An integral part of cultural life in Marianske Lazne is a city theater, founded in 1820. Initially the theatre was made of wood — in the 19th century it was normal fact. Even Bolshoi Theatre was made of wood formerly and nobody worried about it. People knew how to build wooden buildings. The stone building was built only forty years later (1868) immediately after the proclamation of the town of Marianske Lazne.
Grand opening of the theatre took place at the evening of August 17, 1868, on the threshold of the birthday of Emperor Franz Josef I. At that time the theater had the latest equipment and had a marvellous acoustics. It is noteworthy that the theater is named after Nikolai Gogol. This name was given to the theatre in 1952 when in the Czech Republic were the days of Russian literature.
Ahh, almost forgot. Many famous figures visited Marianske Lazne. The most famous guests of the resort were Gogol, Mark Twain and Goethe.
Goncharov, inspired by Marianske Lazne, finished his novel «Oblomov». Marianske Lazne also was visited by composers Strauss and Chopin, as well as the great American inventor Thomas Alva Edison. Even King Edward VII came to the resort 9 times.
Apparently I’m not the one person who was impressed by Marianske Lazne. So my story about the pearl of Bohemia — Marianske Lazne is end. It is not completed, of course, but it is hard to tell more in the blog format. Good bye, my friends, I wish you hot summer holidays and a cool refreshing Borjomi.